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Causes of Back Pain - Muscle Strains

Causes of Back Pain - Muscle Strains

Causes of Back Pain - Muscle Strains

A back muscle strain is a common injury that occurs when the muscle fibres in the back are stretched or torn beyond their normal capacity. The most common causes of back muscle strains are sudden movements or lifting heavy objects, but they can also result from overuse or repetitive strain.

The mechanism of a back muscle strain involves the overstretching or tearing of the muscle fibers in the back. This can occur when the muscle is suddenly loaded or exposed to a force that exceeds its normal capacity. The muscle fibers may also become strained if they are repeatedly used without proper rest or if they are not properly warmed up before activity.

When a muscle strain occurs, the affected muscle fibers may tear, causing inflammation and pain. The severity of the strain can vary, ranging from a mild discomfort to a more severe injury that can limit movement and require medical treatment.

The symptoms of a back muscle strain typically include pain and stiffness in the affected area, as well as swelling and bruising. Treatment for a muscle strain typically involves rest, ice (or heat), compression, and elevation of the affected area to reduce inflammation and pain.

In some cases, physical therapy (like osteopathy) or other medical interventions may be necessary to aid in the healing process and prevent further injury.

How do back sprains heal?

Muscle strains can vary in severity, and the healing process can depend on the extent of the injury. However, the general process of healing for muscle strains involves three main stages: the inflammatory phase, the repair phase, and the remodeling phase.

During the inflammatory phase, the body's natural healing process kicks in, and the injured area becomes inflamed. This inflammation helps to protect the area from further damage and brings in the necessary cells and chemicals to start the healing process. During this phase, the injured muscle fibers begin to break down, and the body removes damaged tissue.

The repair phase is when new tissue starts to form to replace the damaged muscle fibers. The body begins to produce new muscle fibers and connective tissue, and blood vessels grow into the area to supply nutrients to the healing tissue. This phase can take several weeks, and the new tissue may not be as strong as the original tissue.

Finally, during the remodeling phase, the new tissue matures and strengthens. This phase can last several months, and the new tissue gradually takes on the characteristics of the original tissue. During this phase, physical therapy (e.g. osteopathy) or rehabilitation may be necessary to help the muscle regain strength and flexibility.

The healing process for a muscle strain can be aided by rest, ice, compression, and elevation, as well as proper nutrition and hydration. In some cases, medical interventions such as pain management, physical therapy, or surgery may be necessary to aid in the healing process.

It's important to see a healthcare provider like an osteopath if you're experiencing low back pain, as there can sometimes be more serious cause behind a low back problem.

Come and see me for your back muscle strains at Osteostudio in Ashurst Wood, East Grinstead.

Cliff Russell, Registered Osteopath

You can follow my blog here or on Facebook.

Author: Cliff Russell - Registered Osteopath

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